Trucks ship portion of NAFTA trade
Through the trade agreement the three North American countries have with one another, commercial trucks ship cargo across the borders.
A recent Trucking Info.com article reported that a “new U.S. Transportation Department report shows trucks carried 57.2 percent of the $90.1 billion of U.S.-NAFTA trade in December 2013, accounting for $26.3 billion of exports and $25.2 billion of imports. This is a 7.2 percent increase from December 2012 while rail declined 2.3 percent. Vessel rose 10.7 percent and air declined 3.2 percent.”
Trucks are often seen as a flexible ways to transport cargo. The Transportation Department report found that after trucking, rail was the most dominant form of cargo shipping.
“While the value of freight carried by rail decreased during the period, rail was still the second largest mode, at 14.9 percent, followed by vessels at 11.2 percent, pipeline at 7.7 percent and air at 4 percent,” TruckingInfo.com reported. “The surface transportation modes of truck, rail and pipeline carried 79.7 percent of the total NAFTA freight flows.”
“Total NAFTA trade during December increased 6.4 percent from a year earlier while surface trade gained 6.5 percent during the same time,” TruckingInfo.com reported. “The total value of NAFTA trade during the month increased 3.5 from December 2012.”
However, the largest increase in cargo shipping was found between the United States and Canada by pipeline, which increased by 21.9 percent from December 2012 to December 2013. For trade with Canada in December, trucks carried 52.2 percent of the $50 billion of freight, followed by rail at 15.7 percent, pipelines at 13.2 percent, vessel at 7.1 percent and air at 4.7 percent. The surface transportation modes of truck, rail and pipeline carried 81.2% of the total U.S.-Canada freight flows.
Other findings from the Transportation Department report as reported by TruckingInfo.com were as follows:
· The value of U.S.-Mexico trade by pipeline had the largest percentage increase of any mode from December 2012 to December 2013, growing 17.5 percent. Freight moved by vessel and air between the U.S. and Mexico increased by 14.8% and decreased by 0.2 percent, respectively, while trucks gained 9.8 percent.
· For trade with Mexico in December, trucks carried 63.3 percent of the $40.1 billion of the freight, followed by vessel at 16.4 percent, rail at 13.8 percent, air at 3.1 percent and pipelines at 0.8 percent. The surface transportation modes of truck, rail and pipeline carried 77.9 percent of the total U.S.-Mexico freight flows.
· In December 2013, the top commodity group transported between the U.S. and Canada was mineral fuels, of which $6.6 billion moved by pipeline. The top commodity category transported between the U.S. and Mexico in December 2013 was electrical machinery, of which $7.2 billion moved by truck.